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 World's longest-serving leaders - Top 20  

With the passing of President Lansana Conte of Guinea this week (who was #12 of the top 20 longest-serving leaders), we have revised the list to reflect this reality. Also revised is the socio-economic data for each country based on the latest data available from World Economic Forum and CIA World Facts.

Rank
Leader1
In power since
Country
Country Data2
1

Prime Minister Hassanal Bolkiah

October 5, 1967
Brunei
Population: 0.4 Million
GDP Per Capita: US$49,898
Life Expectancy: 76.9
Literacy: 94.6%
HDI3: 0.92 (27/179)
2

President El Hadj Omar Bongo Ondimba

December 2, 1967
Gabon
Population: 1.5 Million
GDP Per Capita: US$14,208
Life Expectancy: 56.3 years
Literacy: 85.4%
HDI: 0.73 (107/179)
3

Colonel Muammar Gaddafi

September 1, 1969
Libya
Population: 6.2 Million
GDP Per Capita: US$13,362
Life Expectancy: 73.6 years
Literacy: 86.2%
HDI: 0.84 (52/179)
4

Prime Minister Qaboos bin Said al-Said

July 23, 1970
Oman
Population: 3.3 Million
GDP Per Capita: US$20,999
Life Expectancy: 75.3 years
Literacy: 83.7%
HDI: 0.84 (53/179)
5

Prime Minister Khalifa bin Salman al-Khalifa

August 15, 1971
Bahrain
Population: 0.7 Million
GDP Per Capita: US$34,516
Life Expectancy: 75.4 years
Literacy: 88.3%
HDI: 0.902 (32/179)
6

President Ali Abdallah Saleh

July 17, 1978
Yemen
Population: 23 Million
GDP Per Capita: US$2,262
Life Expectancy: 62.0 years
Literacy: 57.3%
HDI: 0.567 (138/179)
7
President Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo
August 3, 1979
Equatorial Guinea
Population: 0.6 Million
GDP Per Capita: US$27,161
Life Expectancy: 50.8 years
Literacy: 87%
HDI: 0.642 (115/179)
8
President Jose Eduardo dos Santos
September 21, 1979
Angola
Population: 12.5 Million
GDP Per Capita: US$4,434
Life Expectancy: 42.1 years
Literacy: 67.4%
HDI: 0.484 (157/179)
9
President Robert Gabriel Mugabe
March 4, 1980
Zimbabwe
Population: 11.4 Million
GDP Per Capita: US$200
Life Expectancy: 44.3 years
Literacy: 90.7%
HDI: 0.513 (151/177)4
10

      President Hosni Mubarak      

October 14, 1981
Egypt
Population: 81.7 Million
GDP Per Capita: US$4,953
Life Expectancy: 71.0 years
Literacy: 71.4%
HDI: 0.716 (116/179)
11
  President Paul Biya   
November 6, 1982
Cameroon
Population: 18.5 Million
GDP Per Capita: US$2,043
Life Expectancy: 50.0 years
Literacy: 67.9%
HDI: 0.514 (150/179)
12
Prime Minister Samdech Hun Sen
January 14, 1985
Cambodia
Population: 14.2 Million
GDP Per Capita: US$1,619
Life Expectancy: 58.6 years
Literacy: 75.6%
HDI: 0.575 (136/179)
13
  President Yoweri Museveni    
January 26, 1986
Uganda
Population: 31.4 Million
GDP Per Capita: US$888
Life Expectancy: 50.5 years
Literacy: 72.6%
HDI: 0.493 (156/179)
14
King Mswati III 
April 25, 1986
Swaziland
Population: 1.1 Million
GDP Per Capita: US$4,705
Life Expectancy: 40.2 years
Literacy: 79.6%
HDI: 0.542 (141/179)
15
  President Blaise Compaore   
October 15, 1987
Burkina Faso
Population: 15.3 Million
GDP Per Capita: US$1,084
Life Expectancy: 51.7 years
Literacy: 26.0%
HDI: 0.372 (173/179)
16
President Zine el Abidine Ben Ali
November 7, 1987
Tunisia
Population: 10.4 Million
GDP Per Capita: US$6,958
Life Expectancy: 73.7 years
Literacy: 76.9%
HDI: 0.762 (95/179)
17
Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Hoseini-Khamenei
June 4, 1989
Iran
Population: 65.9 Million
GDP Per Capita: US$10,031
Life Expectancy: 70.5 years
Literacy: 84%
HDI: 0.777 (84/179)
18
    President Islom Karimov     
June 23, 1989
Uzbekistan
Population: 27.3 Million
GDP Per Capita: US$2,189
Life Expectancy: 66.9 years
Literacy: 96.9%
HDI: 0.701 (119/179)
19
President Omar Hassan Ahmad al-Bashir
June 30, 1989
Sudan
Population: 40.2 Million
GDP Per Capita: US$1,887
Life Expectancy: 57.8 years
Literacy: 60.9%
HDI: 0.526 (146/179)
20
President Nursultan Nazarbayev
February 22, 1990
Kazakhstan
Population: 15.3 Million
GDP Per Capita: US$9,832
Life Expectancy: 66.4 years
Literacy: 99.6%
HDI: 0.807 (71/179)
 
1 The list excludes ceremonial leaders and monarchies with no real power
2 Country data source: CIA World Facts and Human Development Report, UNDP
2 GDP Per Capita based on data for 2006
2 Current World Average GDP Per Capita = US$10,000
2 Current World Average Life Expectancy = 66.3 years
2 Current Average Population / Nation = 34.6 Million
2 Current World Literacy Rate = 82%
3 HDI is Human Development Index compiled by UNDP for 2007. Using broad socio-economic factors, this index ranks nations according to their ability to develop their nation/population successfully. For 2007, Iceland was ranked first at 0.968 (1/179), and Sierra Leone last at 0.336 (179/179).
4 Based on 2005 data.
 
 

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