May 11, 2019 (Ezega.com) -- Ethiopia is home to the highest number of conflict-related internally displace people (IDP) in the world, according to a new report by Internal Displacement Monitoring Center’s (IDMC) 2019 Global report.
According to the report, Ethiopia has 2.9 million internally displaced people due to conflicts and violence, higher than in Syria and Somalia.
"Unresolved conflicts and a rise in communal violence were responsible for most of the 10.8 million new displacements associated with conflict and violence in 2018," says the report. "Ethiopia, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and Syria accounted for more than half of the global figure."
“Against a backdrop of important and many positive political changes, 2.9 million new displacements associated with conflict were recorded in Ethiopia, the highest figure in the world and four times as many as in 2017,” reads the report.
The IDMC report also lists disaster-related displacements in the world in 2019.
"Weather-related hazards, particularly storms, accounted for the majority of the new displacement associated with disasters, triggering 17.2 million displacements in 2018. The Philippines, China and India between them accounted for around 60 per cent of all new displacements, mostly in the form of evacuations."
Ethiopia has seen considerable instability and disunity in the last few years. Sustained pressure from restive public, especially from Oromia and Amhara regions, resulted in profund changes within the ruling party Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF). The front is made up of four regional, ethnic-based parties, including the Tigrayan People's Liberation Front (TPLF). Decades of rule along ethnic lines and a hostile envirnment to pan-Ethiopian parties has resulted in numerous boundary and identity conflicts, some of which resulting in millions of displacement and hundreds of deaths.
Once dominated by the TPLF, the ruling party went through considerable changes, especially in the last one year, not only in the makeup of its leaders, but also in its guiding principles. The party is now trying to recontitute itself to provide more effective governance, as well as figure a way out of the several potential conflicts ahead of it.