By Staff Reporter
June 2, 2019 (Ezega.com) -- The Ethiopian Public Health Institute has reported cases of Cholera in several parts of the country, including the capital city, Addis Ababa. The type of cholera detected is believed to Vibrio Cholera.
Vibrio cholera cases have been detected on eight people so far out of 360 people who were diagnosed to have been infected by Acute Watery Diarrhea (AWD) in Amhara, Tigray and Somali regional states, the institute said in a statetment on Sunday.
Vibrio cholerae is a Gram-negative, comma-shaped bacterium. The bacterium's natural habitat is brackish or saltwater. Some strains of Vvibrio cholerae cause the disease cholera.
The institute is set to begin vaccinations for people living in prone areas and advised the general public to take precautionary actions and help persons with signs of the disease to go to nearby health centers.
According to the institute, five people have so far been diagnosed to have been infected by Acute Watery Diarrhea (AWD) in Addis Ababa and Vibrio cholera case has been detected on two patients who came from Akaki and Addis Ketema sub cities of the metropolis.
The institute said the recent outbreak of Acute Watery Diarrhea (AWD) in Amhara and Tigray states has further spread to some places of Oromia regional state, namely, to Chiro Oda Bultu districts in western Harargae zone, so far infecting 115 people.
AWD was also detected in eight people living kelteawlalo in eastern zone of Tigray regional state.
The institute said maximum cautions must be made at places with mass gatherings, including religious places, refugees and internally displaces people camps.
The instiute advised the public to help prevent the spread of the disease by drinking safe water, washing hands with soap and using latrines properly, among others.
In late June 2006, Ethiopia’s Oromia Region had an outbreak of acute watery diarrhea, subsequently confirmed to be caused by Vibrio cholerae O1, a pathogen not known to be endemic to this area.
Despite initial control efforts, the outbreak had quickly spread to neighboring zones and regions.
Ethiopia is believed to have have been suppressing information about such outreaks for decades.