By Staff Reporter
August 19, 2019 (Ezega.com) -- Ethiopia faces a funding gap of over $714 million to meet humanitarian needs for over two million internally displaced people (IDP), a UN official has disclosed.
In early April this year, the government of Ethiopia announced that the country needed $1.313 billion for humanitarian assistance following the mass displacement in several parts of the country, mainly caused by ethnic conflicts.
About 45.6 percent of the funding requirement, amounting to $598 million, has so far been secured and international donors covered $310 million. Further, the government of Ethiopia contributed $288 million, mostly for food, said Aeneas Chuma, the UN Humanitarian Coordinator, during the 2019 World Humanitarian Day Celebrations held in Addis Ababa.
Humanitarian needs reportedly remain high in areas of displacement, as well as in areas of return. Most assistance in displacement areas is being disrupted following mass return operations being conducted by the government and the dismantling of sites. Assistance in areas of return is said to be scant to non-existent, affecting the sustainability of the returnees.
The UN Humanitarian Coordinator further said, "While we are truly grateful to the partners and the government of Ethiopia for the generous contributions so far made, I would like to point out that the current levels of contributions represents less than 50 percent of the needed budget.Therefore, I would like to ask for your continued generous support to enable the humanitarian community to provide life-saving assistance."
According to overview of funding towards the Humanitarian Response Plan, there is funding requirement of $1.025 billion from international donors and the level of funding by them represents 29.9 percent.
The majority of the returnees require assistance until full recovery and rehabilitation due to damaged houses, properties and livelihoods. This call is for continued humanitarian assistance in the interim and a scaled-up recovery and rehabilitation support in the large areas where this kind of support is viable.
Secondary displacements of returnees have been reported in most areas of east and west Wollega zones due to lack of assistance and continued insecurity in areas of return. In other areas of the country, where returns have taken place, most IDPs have returned to their damaged homes or to areas nearby.
"I want to urge the government of Ethiopia to consolidate peace and security in areas that are prone to conflict-induced displacement and provide unlimited access to people affected by displacement wherever they are," Chuma added.
Climate change-induced humanitarian challenges also continue to pose threat in Ethiopia with increased frequency and intensity of natural disasters, said Zeyinu Jemal, State Minister of Peace, speaking during the occasion.
"The government believes that sustainable development, economic growth, an improved governance and enhanced basic services for the whole population are keys to tackling these and other humanitarian challenges," Zeyinu added.